biblical fast

Biblical Fast. RCCG Sunday School Teachers.

Previous Knowledge: The Teacher should allow the students to review the previous week’s lessons. 

Memory Verse: And I set my face unto the Lord God to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth and ashes”-Daniel 9:3.

Bible Passage: Daniel 10:2-3.

Lesson Introduction

Fasting, in the bible, is total abstinence from pleasure-giving activities for a set time, to devote oneself to seeking God. While there are many ways believers could fast, too often, the focus is on abstinence from food. In this lesson, we shall examine different types of biblical fast, basic cautions and reasons for fasting.


To study the concept of Biblical fast.

Teaching Objectives

Through this lesson, students should be able to:

a. Give the meaning of biblical fast.

b. Explain the different types of biblical fasts. 

c. Outline the reasons for biblical fasts. 

d. Mention the cautions to be exercised while fasting. 


Teaching Plan

To achieve the above stated objectives, the teacher should: 

To achieve the above-stated objectives, the teacher should:
a. Allow the students to recite the memory verse, read the Bible passage, contribute to the discussion, and do class activities and assignments. 
b. Allow the Assistant teacher to see to the well-being of the class, and mark attendance and assignment. 
c. Teach the lesson outlines, summarise, conclude, evaluate the lesson and give assignments. 

TEXT REVIEW : Daniel 10:2-3. 

Prophet Daniel was a man full of God’s spirit and wisdom. In many ways , he proved his unwavering devotion to God. One of such ways is through fasting. This passage records that: 

i. He mourned for three weeks…………………………….v2.

ii. …………………………………………………….v3a.

iii. ……………………………………………….v3b. 

iv. Neither did he…………………………..v3c.

v. Till………………………………………….v3d.


TEACHING METHOD: The Lecture Method. 

Time Management : Standard time for (2) lesson outlines. 





The teacher should first ask students to mention the types of fast known to them and then highlight the types as follows:

a. Food fast

b. Sex fast.

c. Pleasure fast.

The Teacher should explain each of the types highlighted above as follows:

  1. Food fast: This is abstinence from food /drinks. It may take the form of:

a. Regular fast: this is done by abstaining from all foods, both solid and liquid (2 Chro. 20:3). The fast is usually broken daily or periodically (Jer. 36:6).

b. Partial Fast: This is inspired by Prophet Daniel. All meat and animal products are disallowed. The Daniel Fast includes vegetables, legumes, whole grains, seeds, and water. These guidelines are based on Daniel’s request of “nothing but vegetables to eat and water to drink” (Daniel 1:8-14).

c. Absolute or Full Fast: Where no food or water is consumed (Esther 4:16; Acts 27:33). For instance, Moses, Elijah, and the Lord Jesus Christ did a forty days absolute fast (Deuteronomy 9:9; 1 Kings 19:7-8; Luke 4:2). 

2. Sex fast: The Bible also refers to ‘sexual fast’ (Ex. 19:15). A married couple can mutually agree to abstain from sex for a short period to devote themselves to prayers (1 Cor. 7:5). 

3. Pleasure Fast: Another way is to confine or isolate oneself from people and pleasurable things to a place as a means of worship, studying the bible and praying to God for a purpose (Luke 2:36-37;5:16). Time alone with God requires discipline.

CLASS ACTIVITY 1: Scripturally, speaking is there a general rule to the time of breaking a fast?



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A. Fasting is far more about focusing on God than abstinence from food and other things that gives pleasure (Zech. 7:5).


People fast for various reasons. Some for:

i. Spiritual strength (Is. 40:30-31).

ii. Supernatural revelation, wisdom and understanding (Ezra 8:21, Daniel 9:22).

iii. Supernatural breakthrough (Zech. 8:19).

iv. Repentance from sinful ways (Joel 2:12-13; Daniel 9:3-5).

v. Spiritual hunger and demonstration of love for God’s people and burden for souls (2 Cor. 11:27-28; Matt. 5:6).

 vi. Sharing with the poor and destruction of wicked works among others (Is. 58:6-7).


C. Believers should exercise some cautions while fasting.

i. Fasting should be limited to a set time and a clear purpose (1 Cor. 7:5; Esther 4:16). 

ii. It is neither intended to punish the body nor a dieting method (Is. 58:5) but to redirect attention to God.

iii. It is a period to give up self-indulging activities for a deeper fellowship with God (Matt. 4:1-2). 

iv. Anyone can fast , but some may not be able to fast from food (Diabetes for example). However, everyone can temporarily give up something to draw closer to God (Ex. 19:15). 

v. Biblical fast is to be done in a spirit of humility and joyfulness (Matt. 6:16-18). 

vi. It should not be to manipulate or do evil (Is. 58:4a; Acts 23:21).

vii. In breaking ‘absolute and long fast’, warm liquids, (not carbonated drinks) are advised and should be taken in bits.


CLASS ACTIVITY 2: Does the inability to spend quality time in prayer nullify fast?

SUMMARY: There are a number of ways and reasons believers can fast and there are cautions to exercise to do it biblically. 

CONCLUSION: Ask God for wisdom (James 1:5) as regards how and for how long and what purpose he wants you to fast.

EVALUATION: What cautions must believers exercise while fasting. 

CLOSING PRAYER: Father, as I fast correctly, let me achieve the desired result in Jesus’ name.

ASSIGNMENT: Mention five (5) benefits that can be derived from fasting (2×5=10 Marks).



Action Point
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